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Who were the Lost Artists?

August Macke 1887 - 1914

• German Expressionist painter.
• A leading member of Der Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) artistic group.
• In 1912 he met the French artist Robert Delaunay in Paris, which had a deep impact on his work.
• In 1914 he travelled to Tunisia, which influenced his last series of masterpieces.
• He was killed at the front in the second month of the conflict in Champagne, France.
• His final painting is called Farewell. 

Albert Weisgerber 1878 - 1915

• German painter and illustrator.
• He made a living making illustrations for the magazine Die Jugend.
• In 1911 he had his first solo exhibitions, in Munich and Dresden.
• In 1913 he was a founding member of the group Munchner Neue Secession.
• He died on 9 May 1915 in the Battle of Fromelles.
• At the time, he was the commanding officer of Adolf Hitler. 

Henrigaudier-Brezeska 1891-1915

• French artist and sculptor.
• He spent a large part of his life in London, part of the circle of Ezra Pound and the Vorticists.
• In his short creative development (only four years) he developed a very influential style.
• His impact on modernist sculpture in both England and France was great.
• He enlisted in the French army and was killed in the trenches at Neuville-St.-Vaast.
• His work can be seen from the Tate Gallery to the National Museum of Modern Art in Paris. 

Franz Marc 1880-1916

• German painter and printmaker. 
• One of the key figures of German Expressionism.
• He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), an extremely influential art journal .
• At the front, he painted camouflage using different artistic styles, “from Manet to Kandinsky”
• In 1916, the German government identified notable artists to be taken off combat. Marc was on the list.
• Before that order reached him, however, he was killed during the Battle of Verdun.

George Butterworth 1885-1916

• English composer.
• Best known for the orchestral idyll The Banks of Green Willow and his song settings of A. E. Housman's poems from A Shropshire Lad.
• According to many he was the most promising young English composer of his generation.
• During the battle of The Somme, he received the Military Cross for his bravery.
• He was killed by a sniper shortly after that.
• His hastily put together burial site was lost forever in the heavy bombardment of the next two years.

Umberto Boccioni 1882-1916

• Italian painter and sculptor.
• One of the most dynamic figures and main theorists of Futurism.
• He wrote two of the manifestoes of the movement in 1910 and 1912.
• In 1915 he was drafted in the Italian army.
• He died in a riding accident during cavalry training.
• His influence is still significant; in 1988 the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York organized a major retrospective of his work. 

Wilfred Owen 1893-1918

• English poet. 
• Influenced by the Romantics (particularly John Keats) he began to write poetry before the war.
• His life and poetry changed by the experience of the trenches and his friendship with fellow poet Siegfried Sassoon.
• In contrast with earlier poets, his work reflected the horror of the trenches.
• He was killed in action on 4 November 1918, exactly one week (almost to the hour) before the signing of the Armistice.
• His mother received the telegram informing her of his death on Armistice Day, as the church bells were ringing out in celebration.

Joyce Kilmer 1886-1918

• American poet, journalist, lecturer and editor.
• He is mostly remembered for his poem “Trees”, written in 1913.
• He was also a prominent figure of the East Coast lecturing circuit.
• He was planning to write a book of his experience US 69th Infantry Regiment.
• Initially a military statistician, he actively sought (and received) more hazardous frontline duties.
• He was killed by a sniper’s bullet while scouting enemy positions.